Gichin Funakoshi father of Modern Day Karate was born in 1870 the first year of
the Meiji Restoration. During his childhood, this art was banned and he first
learnt the Martial Art under great warriors Azato Yasutsune and Itoso Yasutsune.
At first he was Azato's only student, He also trained under a great many other
teachers like Piechin Kiyuna, Niigaki and Sokon Mastumura .When he finished school
and became a teacher himself, Master Funakoshi was appointed Chairman of Shobukai
the Martial Arts Association of Okinawa. It was only in 1902 when Shintaro Ogawa
the commissioner of schools in the Kagoshima Prefecture after witnessing an exhibition
of Karate submitted a report to the Ministry of Education in Japan about the benefits
of the training in karate that Karate became a part of the curriculum in schools
andbegan to be practiced freely in Japan.
|Dai Sensei Funakoshi
| However the actual popularity of the
art spread when Master Funakohi was invited to perform before the Crown Prince
of Japan in 1922 when he called at Okinawa enroute to Europe. The great expertise
and skill of Master Funakoshi's performance led to his invitation to perform in
Japan at the Royal Court, The response to his demonstration in Japan was so great
that he was persuaded to stayon. Amongst those who persuaded him to stay on was
Master Jigoro Kano the founder of Judo who gave him the necessary help to teach
the art for the first time in Japan.
was in Japan that Master Funakoshi in order to make the art totally Japanese in
nature changed the Calligraphy symbolising "to" or the East which in those days
nearly always meant China" to "Kara" or Empty and thus gave the art the name 'Dai
Nippon Kempo Kara-te do Jutsu" or Great Japan Fist Method Empty Hand Way
or Kara-te do in short, In keeping with his philosohical approach to the art Master
Funakoshi took the "Kara 'of Karate-do from the writings of Zen Buddhism. where
the form of the universe is emptiness (kara) and kara te when interpreted in the
Zen Philosophy was to make nothing of one's self. The calligraphy of Kara is also
pronounced as Ku or Mu which is emptiness.
1936 at the age of seventy years Master Funakoshi established the first Institution
of Karate in Japan at Zoshigaya Toshima ward Tokyo. His disciples called the Dojo
SHOTOKAN - Shoto being the pen name Master Funakoshi used to sign his calligraphy
and Kan meaning house or hall. He was yet he felt his task had only just begun.
After he established the Shotokan Dojo the Master went about ensuring that Karate
become an integral part of the Japanese Budo. The old Shobo-kai became the NIHON
KARATE KYOKAI or translated into English as JAPAN KARATE ASSOCIATION on March
20 1950. This was the first time that any Karate organization was formed in Japan.
TheAssociation was made a corporation by the Ministry of Education of Japan on
April 10, 1958. In 1956 the world's first Karate tournament was held the All Japan
Grand Karate tournament, This tournament is held in Tokyo till today. Teams from
India participate in this tournament every year, Dai Sensei Gichin Funakoshi passed
away on the 26th of April, 1957. He was 88 years old.
Dai Sensei Funakoshi's tomb
at Engaku-ji, in Kamakura.
of Master Funakoshi were invited to teach karate all over the world and it was
the SHOTOKAN STYLE of karate that was first taught not only in Europe but also
in America and South East Asia. Thus J.K.A. spread its branches through out the
world. Today it is the world's largest karate organisation and the Shotkan sytle
the most popular with over ten million karatekas in more than 100 countries training
under its banner a dreaí of the Master turned into reality.
events in the lfe of Funakoshi Dai Sensei's life
Sensei Funakoshi was born in Naha City of Okinawa Prefecture in the year 1870.
In the year 1913, he became Chairman of the Okinawan Shobukai. In 1922 the first
public performance of Karate was given by Dai Sensei Funakoshi when the Education
Ministry of Japan organized an Athletic exhibition program in Tokyo where Karate
was included as one of the disciplines This demonstration led to Master Funakoshi
being persuaded to stay and teach in Tokyo. From 1924 the Master started teaching
Karate at the various Universities like Tokyo University, Takushoku University,
Waseda University, Todai and Keio University . In1929, Master Funakoshi authored
his first booknamed - 'Ryukyu Boxing Karate'. and changed the calligraphy of Karate
from Karate-jutsu to Karate-do. In the 1936, Master Funakoshi wrote a textbook
of Karate-do for which he was honoured by the Emperor of Japan. It was only later
however, in 1943 that he wrote his most famous book - an Introduction to Karate-do.
In the year 1948, The Japan Karate Association was established with Master Funakoshi
as it's Head and in 1954, Japan officially honoured Master Funakoshi for his contribution
to Karate-do. In 1955, the Master established the Yotsuya dojo of the JKA. Dai
Sensei Gichin Funakoshi passed away on the 26th of April, 1957.
||After the demise of Supreme Master Gichin Funakoshi,
the Japan Karate Association appointed Master Masatoshi Nakayama to head the Masters
of the JKA. Nakayama Sensei authored many books on Karate and was primarily responsible
for setting the standard of the JKA and the spread of JKA throughout the world.
Nakayama Sensei was born in 1913 in the Yamaguchi Prefecture in Japan.
He entered the famous Takushoku university in 1932. After completion of
his graduation, he enrolled in the Institute of Eastern Studies at the Beijing
University and withdrew from there in the month of May 1946. Two years later the
JKA was established and in 1958 was made the Senior Master of the JKA. He passed
away at the age of 74 in the year 1987.
Date of Birth : October 4th 1924
Current Rank 10th Dan JKA
in Aichi prefecture. Oct. 4th 1924 After fininshing School he entered the
Koa Junior College now renamed the Asia University in . Apr. 1942 and joined
the Karate club under the tutelage of Yosiaki Hayashi Sensei of
the Shotokan In 1943 he became a student of Shotokan training under Gichin
Funakoshi Sensei and his second son Yoshitaka Funakoshi Sensei. He received
the 1st Dan in the month of March, 1944. After graduating from Koa
Junior College in Sept. 1944 he entered Tuchiura Navy Flying Corps as a
Preliminary Student in the 15th Naval Flying Corps in the month of October
He was freed from service in the month of August . 1945 and in November
the next year, he got a job at the Nihon Keizai vocational school. Eager
to continue his training in Karate-do . he studied Karate from 1949 through 1954
under Mr.Masatoshi Nakayama, an alumnus of Takushoku University., Mr.Isao
Kohata and Mr. Shuntaro Ito, alumni of Keio University. In June 1951 he
received the 2nd Dan and the 3rd Dan in Nov. 1953 In the year 1955 he became
a Director of Japan Karate Association and was given the responsibility of
managing the instructors. The heavy work schedule of the JKA led to his retirement
from Nihon Keizai Junior College.in December .1955. The next year in
April 1956, he entered the Japan Karate Association Guidance Department
and until 1971, coached at various dojos including the headquarters
Dojo of the JKA. the Kogakuin University Karate club, the Nihon University
.Agriculture and Veterinary Department Karate club, the Taisho University Karate
club, the Tokyo Keizai University Karate club, the Hitotubashi University .Karate
club, the Chuo Tetsudou Karate club etc. In November . 1957 he received 4th Dan
and on the 10th of April 1958, he was appointed the Director of the Corporation.
Japan Karate Association with the responsibilty of making rules of matches and
referee. May 14th 1958, he received a qualification of the degree of Physical
.Education. instructor of Karatedo from the Ministry of Education. From 1959 through
1963 he wa occupied as a part-time Physical .Education. Karate instructor and
lectured at General Education Dept. of Asia Univ. In the meanwhile in March 1961
he meritted the 5th Dan
Dec. 1961 he was involved in editing a text book titled "Karate-do no Kihon",
or "Basics of Karate-do". This text book points out the common errors
of the JKA members. In the month of April. 1963, he received 6th Dan and from
the very next month was involved in making 8mm film for overseas.and was given
in charge of 2 videos of 6 volumes of the English edition. He resigned as
the Director of the JKA on Jul. 10th 1963 and from April 1964 took to full-time
Physical .Education. Karate instructor and was promoted as assistant professor
at General Education Dept. of Asia Univ. In Apr. 1968 he received 7th Dan and
was Engaged in writing a textbook from Apr. 1969
invitation of China Japan Friendship Karatedo Cup Visited Taipei, Taichu, Tainan
and Takao from Mar. 26th to Apr. 7th, 1970 for this purpose From August 1970 he
was engaged in making videos of Karate Kata for overseas.
served as the president of Koganei city Karatedo Federation and Koganei P.E..
Association officer From 1973 to 1978. In the month of April in the year 1975
he became the head of the Japan Martial Arts Society and in August visited visited
Los Angeles and Hawaii to attend the meeting of IAKF and the 7th Cup. From December
of the same year Master Sugiura started publishing a column in the magazine "Monthly
1976 he was promoted to professor of General Education Dept. of Asia University
and on June 21st of the same year he received the 8th Dan. of the JKA which entitled
him to the board of the Technical Committee. Later in the year in July.he visited
the branches in Jakarta, Surabaya and Yogyakarta. on the way to Indonesia. with
Asia Univ. Alumni Association After this vist in the same year from Sep.15th to
Oct.5th, he travelled to the U.S.A visiting varous universities in the US to study
instruction of Karate. like the US.UCR;PIERCE College;UCLA;Arisona State Univ;Scottsdale
Community College;J・KA of Colorado;Temple Univ.College of PE; NewYork State
May.1977 his thesis"A system of Karate-do" was accepted
by Asia University In April 1983 he was retained as teaching staff for Karate-do
as Physical .Education. In the month of March 1989 he authored the Guidelines
for Karate-do..The next year in March 1990, Sugiura Sensei retired from Professorship
of General Education Department of Asia University after which in 1991 he was
appointed as the Shuseki Shihan of the JKA in 1991. The JKA conferred the 9th
Dan on him in April 1992. In 2008, the JKA conferred the 10th Dan on the Master. He retired from the post of Chief Instructor in October 2009 due to ill health and old age at the age of 85. He is succeeded by Ueki sensei.
Name : Masaaki Ueki
Birth place : Tokyo
Date of Birth : 24th March 1939
University ....: Asia University
|Ueki Sensei is a graduate of the JKA Instructor Course. He passed the course in 1962. He was born in Tokyo on March 24th, 1939. He attended the Asia University, the same university as former Chief Instructor Sugiura. Ueki Sensei started Karate from the 3rd year of high school. After attending University he entered the Instructor Course of the Japan Karate Association and graduated in the the year 1962. His spectacular kicks were often commented upon and like most of his peer group, Ueki sensei is known for his spectacular technical ability. He has won the 1st place in kata in the 8th (1965) , 9th (1966), 10th (1967) , 11th(1968) 14th(1971), 17th (1974) & 18th (1975) All Japan Karate Championships. He has also won the 1st Place in Kumite in the 11th All Japan and was placed 2nd in the 8th & 14th at each of these championships he was proclaimed as the Tournament Grand Champion (viz three times in 1965, 1968 & 1971).
Ueki Sensei was the Assistant Chief Instructor during the tenure of Master Sugiura. He was appointed as the Chief Instructor of the JKA by the Shihan Kai of the JKA in it's meeting on 6th March 2010 after Sugiura Sensei stepped down.More details can be seen at http://www.jka.or.jp/english/about/01_ueki.html
|Shihan Sasaki Shoichi
|Master Shoichi Sasaki was born
on the 28th of June, 1941 in Honjyo City, Akita Prefecture, Japan.
After finishing school, he entered the Nihon University in the Veternary and Agricultural
Department where he got the Bachelor of Animal Science and Agriculture. Upon joining
the University, he enrolled in the Nihon University Karate Club. While entering
the third year of his university, he was appointed as the Captain of the Karate
Club In 1962 he won the First Place at Team Competition of Kanto (East Japan)
Students Karate Tournament
He currently holds the 7 Dan of black belt and is a member of the Shihan Kai or the Masters Society of
the JKA. He is the Head of the Tohoku Region of JKA and is the Chief Instructor
for the Akita Prefecture.
Among his senpais are the legendary Yutaka Yaguchi and Masahiko Tanaka and his kohais are Instructors like Yano, Imura, Machida among others.
He has 3 younger brothers all of whom are invloved in karate. Being the eldest, he had to look after his family business and hence encouraged his third brother to join the Instructor Course. Thus Yoshitaka Sasaki was inducted into the Instructor course the same year as two other karate legends- Osaka, and Yahara. All being exceptionally talented they became the famous trio - Osaka, Yahara and Yoshitaka. Yoshitaka due to personal reasons however could not continue teaching at the JKA Headquarters. He does however continue to visit India to teach along with his brother.
Sasaki Sensei has been associated with the JKA India
from the day of it's inception and has visited the country every year to conduct
the National Tournament and impart training to the members of JKA India In
order to raise the level of Instruction in India, Sasaki Sensei has brought out
a series of Instructor Manuals for the Instructors of the JKA India Branch.